The Effects of Physical and Social Characteristics on Residents' Perception on Neighbourhood Quality in the Urban Environment

Olusola Oladapo Makinde


There are growing concerns about neighborhood lowliness in public housing developments, which affect residents’ wellbeing. Three major neighbourhood components that comprise the socio-economic characteristics of the residents, physical, and social characteristics of neighbourhoods were identified and assessed for this study. A questionnaire survey was used to acquire primary data. Five, representing 16.7% of estates, were randomly selected from thirty public housing estates in the urban area of Ibadan. Subsequently, using a systematic sampling technique, questionnaires were administered to 985 (20%) of households out of a total of 4,922 households in the selected estates. Data collected was analysed using percentages, Relative Importance Indices and Multiple Regression Analyses. The results showed that 74.5% were homeowners, while renters, inheritors, and government allotters had 22.7 and 2.8%, respectively. The results on the perception of physical characteristics indices (PCI) show that Alalubosa estate had the highest value with 4.23 PCI, while the social characteristics indices (SCI) revealed that Old Bodija estate had the highest value of 4.09 SCI. The results of regression analyses show that PCI and SCI were significant to residents' perception of neighbourhood quality where P-value < 0.00 probability level. The study confirmed the linear relationship and level of significance among the three factors.


Doi: 10.28991/HEF-2020-01-03-03

Full Text: PDF


Neighbourhood; Neighbourhood Quality; Determinant; Housing Development.


Lawanson, T., Salau, T., & Yadua, O. (2013). Conceptualizing the liveable African city. Journal of Construction Project Management and Innovation, 3(1), 573-588.

Olayiwola, L. M., Adeleye, A., & Jiboye, A. D. (2006). Effect of Socio-cultural factors on Housing quality in Osogbo, Nigeria. In International Symposium on Construction in Developing Economies: New issues and challenges. Santiago, Chile. January, 18-29.

Makinde O. O. (2014). Neighbourhood Safety in Selected Gated Communities in Ibadan, Oyo-State, Nigeria; Unpublished MPhil Thesis, Department of Architecture, Obafemi Awolowo University, Osun State, Nigeria.

Sanni, L., & Akinyemi, F. O. (2009). Determinants of households’ residential districts’ preferences within metropolitan city of Ibadan, Nigeria. Journal of human ecology, 25(2), 137-141. doi:10.1080/09709274.2009.11906147.

Wen, M., & Christakis, N. A. (2005). Neighborhood Effects on Posthospitalization Mortality: A Population-based Cohort Study of the Elderly in Chicago. Health Services Research, 40(4), 1108–1127. doi:10.1111/j.1475-6773.2005.00398.x.

Makinde, O. O. (2019). Neighbourhood Quality in Gated Communities in Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria. PhD. Architecture Thesis, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife, Nigeria.

Salleh, A., Badarulzaman, N., Ali, K., & Fatah, H. (2013). Residents’ assessment of neighbourhood quality in Penang, Malaysia. OIDA International Journal of Sustainable Development, 6(12), 65-72.

Power, A. (2004). Neighbourhood Management and the Future of Urban Areas: CASE paper 77 Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion; London School of Economics Houghton Street London.

Cutrona, C. E., Wallace, G., & Wesner, K. A. (2006). Neighborhood Characteristics and Depression. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 15(4), 188–192. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8721.2006.00433.x.

Chahal, K. (2000). Ethnic Diversity, Neighbourhoods and Housing, London: JRF Foundation.

Meenakshi, A. (2011). Neighbourhood Unit and its Conceptualization in the Contemporary Urban Context. Institute of Town Planners, India Journal, 8, 81-86.

Charles, C. Z. (2000). Neighborhood Racial-Composition Preferences: Evidence from a Multiethnic Metropolis. Social Problems, 47(3), 379–407. doi:10.2307/3097236.

Jiboye, A. D. (2011). Use of neighborhoods’ quality evaluation to determine the performance of residential development in Southwestern Nigeria. Elixir Historic Preservation, 34, 2565-2574.

Schuck, A. and Rosenbuam, D. (2006). Promoting Safe and Healthy Neighbourhoods: What Research Tells Us about Intervention?, The Aspen Institute, Washington, D.C., United States.

Perry, C. A. (1929). The neighbourhood unit: Monograph 1 in Committee on Regional Plan of New York and its Environs (ed.) Neighbourhood and community planning. Regional survey volume VII; (Committee on Regional Plan of New York and its Environs, New York) 20-141.

Whittick, A. (1974). Encyclopedia of Urban Planning (Vol. 29). McGraw-Hill, New York, United States.

Coker, A. O., Awokola, O. S., Olomolaiye, P., & Booth, C. (2008). Challenges of Urban Housing Quality and its Associations with Neighbourhood Environments: Insights and Experiences of Ibadan City, Nigeria. Journal of Environmental Health Research, 7(1), 21-30.

Jiboye, A. (2004). The Socio–Cultural Responsiveness of Household Size on Housing Quality in Osogbo, Nigeria. The Anthropologist, 6(3), 169–174. doi:10.1080/09720073.2004.11890849.

Ogunleye, M. (2013). Analysis of the socio-economic characteristics and housing condition in the core neighbourhood of Akure, Nigeria. Journal of Geography and Regional Planning, 6(6), 229–236. doi:10.5897/jgrp2013.0383.

Ilesanmi, A. (2012). Housing, neighbourhood quality and quality of life in public housing in Lagos, Nigeria. International Journal for Housing Science and Its Applications, 36(4), 231.

Al-Momani, A. H. (2003). Housing Quality: Implications for Design and Management. Journal of Urban Planning and Development, 129(4), 177–194. doi:10.1061/(asce)0733-9488(2003)129:4(177).

Cagney, K. A., Glass, T. A., Skarupski, K. A., Barnes, L. L., Schwartz, B. S., & Mendes de Leon, C. F. (2009). Neighborhood-Level Cohesion and Disorder: Measurement and Validation in Two Older Adult Urban Populations. The Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 64B(3), 415–424. doi:10.1093/geronb/gbn041.

Formoso, C. T., & Jobim, M. S. (2006). Challenges in Improving Customer Focus in Small-Sized House-building Companies in Brazil. Journal of Construction in Developing Countries, 11(2), 77-101.

Skifter, A. H. (2004, July). Residents Understanding of Deprived Urban Neighbourhoods and its Significance for Plans to Move. In ENHR Conference in Cambridge, UK.

Jiboye, A.D. (2009). The Significance of Households’ Characteristics on Housing Quality in Nigeria: Journal of Geography and Planning Sciences, 2(2), 1-10.

Rapoport, A. (1983). Environmental quality, metropolitan areas and traditional settlements. Habitat International, 7(3-4), 37-63. doi:10.1016/0197-3975(83)90033-4.

Rapoport, A. (1977). Human aspects of urban form: Towards a Man-Environment Approach: Urban Form and Design. Oxford, United Kingdom.

Filfil, M. (1999). The Housing Environment and Women’s Health: The Case Study of Ramallah al Tahta, Birzeit, Palestine. Institute of Community and Public Health/ Environmental health Unit Bir Zeit University, Birzeit, Palestine.

Amérigo, M., & Aragonés, J. I. (1990). Residential satisfaction in council housing. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 10(4), 313–325. doi:10.1016/s0272-4944(05)80031-3.

Domanski, H., Ostrowska, A., Przybysz, D., Romaniuk, A., & Krieger, H. (2006). First European Quality of Life Survey: Social dimensions of housing, European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions. Office for official publications of the European communities, Luxembourg. Available online: 2005/94/en/1/ef0594en.pdf (accessed 17 July 2020).

Kaitilla, S. (1993). Satisfaction with Public Housing in Papua New Guinea. Environment and Behavior, 25(3), 514–545. doi:10.1177/0013916593253005.

Mohit, M. A., Ibrahim, M., & Rashid, Y. R. (2010). Assessment of residential satisfaction in newly designed public low-cost housing in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Habitat International, 34(1), 18–27. doi:10.1016/j.habitatint.2009.04.002.

Ibem, E. O. (2011). Evaluation of Public Housing in Ogun State, Nigeria: A PhD Thesis Submitted to the School of Postgraduate Studies, Covenant University In Fulfilment of the Requirements for the Award of Degree of Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in Architecture, Covenant University, Canaan Land, Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria.

Van Kamp, I., Leidelmeijer, K., Marsman, G., & de Hollander, A. (2003). Urban environmental quality and human well-being. Landscape and Urban Planning, 65(1-2), 5–18. doi:10.1016/s0169-2046(02)00232-3.

Aliu, I.R. and Adebayo, A. (2010). Evaluating the Influence of Housing Quality on Urban Residents’ Wellbeing: The Case of Lagos, Nigeria: International Journal of Academic Research, 2(6), 401-410.

Olotuah, A. O. (2016). An Appraisal of Housing and Neighbourhood Quality in Residential Estates in Akure, Nigeria. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences 7(3). doi:10.5901/mjss.2016.v7n3s1p424.

Babalola, O. D., Ibem, E. O., Olotuah, A. O., Opoko, A. P., Adewale, B. A., & Fulani, O. A. (2019). Housing quality and its predictors in public residential estates in Lagos, Nigeria. Environment, Development and Sustainability, 22(5), 3973–4005. doi:10.1007/s10668-019-00367-8.

Makinde, O. (2020). Design Factors as Determinants of Neighborhood Quality in the Urban Area of Ibadan, Nigeria. International Journal of Architecture and Urban Development, 10(3), 25-40. doi:10.30495/ijaud.2020.15952.

Ezeanah, U. (2020). Quality Housing: Perception and Insights of People in Benin City, Nigeria. Urban Forum, 32(1), 87–110. doi:10.1007/s12132-020-09409-1.

Rabe, B., & Taylor, M. P. (2009). Residential mobility, neighbourhood quality and life-course events (No. 2009-28). ISER Working Paper Series.

Sampson, R. J., Morenoff, J. D., & Gannon-Rowley, T. (2002). Assessing “Neighborhood Effects”: Social Processes and New Directions in Research. Annual Review of Sociology, 28(1), 443–478. doi:10.1146/annurev.soc.28.110601.141114.

Hill, T. D., Ross, C. E., & Angel, R. J. (2005). Neighborhood Disorder, Psychophysiological Distress, and Health. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 46(2), 170–186. doi:10.1177/002214650504600204.

Cubbin, C., Pedregon, V., Egerter, S. (2008). Where We Live Matters for Our Health: Neighborhoods and Health. Issue Brief 3: The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Commission to Build a Healthier America, Princeton, New Jersey.

Makinde, O. O. (2020). The correlates of residents’ perception of safety in gated communities in Nigeria. Social Sciences & Humanities Open, 2(1), 100018. doi:10.1016/j.ssaho.2020.100018.

Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.28991/HEF-2020-01-03-03


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Olusola Oladapo Makinde